Entdecken sie Südamerika mit dieser Rundreise von Trails Reisen. Durchqueren Sie mit uns Chile, Bolivien und Brasilien. Argentinien, Chile, Paraguay und Brasilien. Von Ushuaia an die Copacabana. Highlights der Rundreise. faszinierende Metropolen Buenos Aires, Santiago de. tinien – Ecuador ; Argentinien – Kolumbien ; Brasilien – Uruguay ; Bolivien – Ecuador ; Chile – Argentinien ; Uruguay – Bolivien ; Argentinien.
13 Tage Südamerika-Rundreise Chile - Argentinien - Brasilien ab € 1.785Argentinien, Chile, Paraguay und Brasilien. Von Ushuaia an die Copacabana. Highlights der Rundreise. faszinierende Metropolen Buenos Aires, Santiago de. Entdecken sie Südamerika mit dieser Rundreise von Trails Reisen. Durchqueren Sie mit uns Chile, Bolivien und Brasilien. Chile-Argentinien-Brasilien. Chile. Das Gebiet Chiles dehnt sich auf einem schmalen Streifen zwischen den Pazifik und den Anden aus. Vom Norden bis zum.
Chile Brasilien Contact us VideoBRAZIL v CHILE (1:1 PSO 3:2) - 2014 FIFA World Cup™ Patagonien, Iguassu, Torres del Paine ─ klangvolle Namen von einzigartigen Naturschätzen Südamerikas. Dazu Rio und Buenos Aires ─ Städte, in denen das. Bis auf die Länder Chile und Ecuador hat Brasilien mit jedem anderen südamerikanischen Staat eine gemeinsame Grenze. Der Name Brasilien geht auf den. Erlebe die Highlights aus Argentinien, Brasilien und Chile auf dieser tägigen Rundreise "Südamerika ABC: Argentinien, Brasilien & Chile". Jetzt einfach. 13 Tage Südamerika-Rundreise Chile - Argentinien - Brasilien ab € Südamerikareise von Santiago de Chile nach Rio de Janeiro; Deutschsprechende. Unterwegs im Poker Bwin werden ein später Abendsnack und kleines Frühstück vor der Ankunft in Posadas serviert. Der Kampf gegen die Armut wurde mit verschiedenen Programmen und durchwachsenem Erfolg angegangen. Die lateinamerikanischen Staaten sind untereinander militärisch verbündet, Kaiserslautern 1860 Sicherheit und Stabilität in der Region festigt. Als während Dfb Pokal Regeln autoritären Regimes des Estado Novo — eine Nationalisierungskampagne betrieben wurde, geriet die deutsche Gemeinschaft zunehmend unter Druck, da der Staat den Assimilierungsprozess forcierte. Archived from the original on 22 January Retrieved 2 November Selvudelukkelse via Rofus. Retrieved 9 July Dictionary of Wars Elvis Presley Todestag ed. Brasilien - Chile Infokamp. The Jetbingo Mountains are located on the eastern border. Antofagasta Region. The cultural heritage of Chile consists, first, of their intangible heritage, composed of various cultural events, such as visual arts, crafts, dances, holidays, cuisine, games, music and traditions, and, secondly, by its tangible, consists of those buildings, objects and sites of archaeological, architectural, traditional, artistic, ethnographic, folkloric, historical, religious or Tanki Online Download scattered through Chilean territory, among them, those goods Chile Brasilien declared World Heritage Site by UNESCOin accordance with Jocuri Aparat provisions of the Convention concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage ofratified by Chile in Archived from the original PDF on 8 April Retrieved 21 March The law at all levels fully protects this right against abuse by either governmental or private actors.
See also: Immigration to Brazil and List of Brazilian states by population density. Main article: Race and ethnicity in Brazil.
Pardo Multiracial Black 7. Asian 1. Natives 0. Main article: Religion in Brazil. Protestantism Spiritism 2. Other 3. No religion 8. Main articles: List of largest cities in Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil.
Largest urban agglomerations in Brazil Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates   . Main article: Culture of Brazil.
Main article: Architecture of Brazil. The Cathedral of Brasilia , an example of Modern architecture. Main article: Music of Brazil. Heitor Villa-Lobos , the most widely known South American composer.
Main article: Brazilian literature. Machado de Assis , poet and novelist, founder of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. Carlos Drummond de Andrade , considered by some as the greatest Brazilian poet.
Main article: Brazilian cuisine. See also: List of Brazilian dishes. Brigadeiro is a national candy and one most and is recognized as one of the main dishes of Brazilian cuisine.
Main article: Cinema of Brazil. Festival de Gramado , the biggest film festival in the country. Interior of the Teatro Amazonas , in Manaus.
Main article: Brazilian painting. Main article: Sport in Brazil. Brazil portal South America portal. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 29 January Brazilian Government.
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Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 14 February Retrieved 5 February Folha de S. Retrieved 21 March Goldman Sachs.
Excel Books. Retrieved 9 June Revista Globo Rural. The American Desk Encyclopedia. After the military coup in September the Chilean national police Carabineros were incorporated into the Defense Ministry.
With the return of democratic government, the police were placed under the operational control of the Interior Ministry but remained under the nominal control of the Defense Ministry.
It is situated within the Pacific Ring of Fire. Chile is among the longest north—south countries in the world. If one considers only mainland territory, Chile is unique within this group in its narrowness from east to west, with the other long north—south countries including Brazil , Russia , Canada , and the United States, among others all being wider from east to west by a factor of more than However, this latter claim is suspended under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty , of which Chile is a signatory.
Also controlled but only temporarily inhabited by some local fishermen are the small islands of San Ambrosio and San Felix. These islands are notable because they extend Chile's claim to territorial waters out from its coast into the Pacific Ocean.
The northern Atacama Desert contains great mineral wealth, primarily copper and nitrates. The relatively small Central Valley, which includes Santiago, dominates the country in terms of population and agricultural resources.
This area is also the historical center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it integrated the northern and southern regions.
Southern Chile is rich in forests, grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.
The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border. The diverse climate of Chile ranges from the world's driest desert in the north—the Atacama Desert —through a Mediterranean climate in the center, humid subtropical in Easter Island, to an oceanic climate , including alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and south.
There are four seasons in most of the country: summer December to February , autumn March to May , winter June to August , and spring September to November.
The flora and fauna of Chile are characterized by a high degree of endemism, due to its particular geography. In continental Chile, the Atacama Desert in the north and the Andes mountains to the east are barriers that have led to the isolation of flora and fauna.
The native flora of Chile consists of relatively fewer species compared to the flora of other South American countries.
The northernmost coastal and central region is largely barren of vegetation, approaching the most absolute desert in the world.
The central valley is characterized by several species of cacti, the hardy espinos , the Chilean pine , the southern beeches and the copihue , a red bell-shaped flower that is Chile's national flower.
Grassland is found in Atlantic Chile in Patagonia. Much of the Chilean flora is distinct from that of neighboring Argentina, indicating that the Andean barrier existed during its formation.
Some of Chile's flora has an Antarctic origin due to land bridges which formed during the Cretaceous ice ages, allowing plants to migrate from Antarctica to South America.
Just over 3, species of fungi are recorded in Chile,   but this number is far from complete. The true total number of fungal species occurring in Chile is likely to be far higher, given the generally accepted estimate that only about 7 percent of all fungi worldwide have so far been discovered.
Chile's geographical isolation has restricted the immigration of faunal life, so that only a few of the many distinctive South American animals are found.
Among the larger mammals are the puma or cougar, the llama-like guanaco and the fox-like chilla. In the forest region, several types of marsupials and a small deer known as the pudu are found.
There are many species of small birds, but most of the larger common Latin American types are absent. Few freshwater fish are native, but North American trout have been successfully introduced into the Andean lakes.
Whales are abundant, and some six species of seals are found in the area. Chile is located along a highly seismic and volcanic zone, part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, due to the subduction of the Nazca and Antarctic plates in the South American plate.
Late Paleozoic , million years ago, Chile belonged to the continental block called Gondwana. It was just a depression accumulated marine sediments began to rise at the end of the Mesozoic, 66 million years ago, due to the collision between the Nazca and South American plates, resulting in the Andes.
The territory would be shaped by millions of years due to the folding of the rocks, forming the current relief. Chile's highest peak is the Nevado Ojos del Salado , at Among the coastal mountains and the Pacific is a series of coastal plains, of variable length, which allow the settlement of coastal towns and big ports.
Some areas of the plains territories encompass territory east of the Andes, and the Patagonian steppes and Magellan, or are high plateaus surrounded by high mountain ranges, such as the Altiplano or Puna de Atacama.
It is characterized by the presence of the Atacama desert , the most arid in the world. The desert is fragmented by streams that originate in the area known as the pampas Tamarugal.
The Andes, split in two and whose eastern arm runs Bolivia , has a high altitude and volcanic activity, which has allowed the formation of the Andean altiplano and salt structures as the Salar de Atacama , due to the gradual accumulation of sediments over time.
To the south is the Norte Chico , extending to the Aconcagua river. The two mountain ranges intersect, virtually eliminating the intermediate depression.
The existence of rivers flowing through the territory allows the formation of transverse valleys , where agriculture has developed strongly in recent times, while the coastal plains begin to expand.
The Central area is the most populated region of the country. The coastal plains are wide and allow the establishment of cities and ports along the Pacific.
The Andes maintains altitudes above m but descend slowly starts approaching the meters on average. The intermediate depression reappears becoming a fertile valley that allows agricultural development and human settlement, due to sediment accumulation.
To the south, the Cordillera de la Costa reappears in the range of Nahuelbuta while glacial sediments originate a series of lakes in the area of La Frontera.
During the last glaciation , this area was covered by ice that strongly eroded Chilean relief structures. The Andes mountain range loses height and erosion caused by the action of glaciers has caused fjords.
East of the Andes, on the continent, or north of it, on the island of Tierra del Fuego are located relatively flat plains, which in the Strait of Magellan cover large areas.
In the middle of the Pacific, the country has sovereignty over several islands of volcanic origin, collectively known as Insular Chile.
Of these, we highlight the archipelago of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, which is located in the fracture zone between the Nazca plate and the Pacific plate known as East Pacific Rise.
Due to the characteristics of the territory, Chile is crossed by numerous rivers generally short in length and with low torrential flow. In the center-north of the country, the number of rivers that form valleys of agricultural importance increases.
Their waters mainly flow from Andean snowmelt in the summer and winter rains. The major lakes in this area are the artificial lake Rapel, the Colbun Maule lagoon and the lagoon of La Laja.
Chile's census reported a population of 17,, Its rate of population growth has been decreasing since , due to a declining birth rate.
The largest agglomerations according to the census are Greater Santiago with 5. Despite the genetic considerations, many Chileans, if asked, would self-identify as White.
The census reported , Natives, or 3. Only those that practiced their native culture or spoke their native language were considered to be Natives, irrespective of their "racial purity".
Of that number, Chile is one of 22 countries to have signed and ratified the only binding international law concerning indigenous peoples, the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, Chile ratified it in A Chilean court decision in November considered to be a landmark ruling on indigenous rights and made use of the convention.
The earliest European immigrants were Spanish colonisers who arrived in the 16th century. In the 18th and 19th centuries, many Basques came to Chile where they integrated into the existing elites of Castilian origin.
Postcolonial Chile was never a particularly attractive destination for migrants, owing to its remoteness and distance from Europe.
Most of the immigrants to Chile during the 19th and 20th centuries came from France ,  Great Britain ,  Germany ,  and Croatia ,  among others.
Descendants of different European ethnic groups often intermarried in Chile. This intermarriage and mixture of cultures and races have helped to shape the present society and culture of the Chilean middle and upper classes.
As of [update] , The Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of religion , and other laws and policies contribute to generally free religious practice.
The law at all levels fully protects this right against abuse by either governmental or private actors. Church and state are officially separate in Chile.
A law on religion prohibits religious discrimination. However, the Roman Catholic church for mostly historical and social reasons enjoys a privileged status and occasionally receives preferential treatment.
The Spanish spoken in Chile is distinctively accented and quite unlike that of neighboring South American countries because final syllables are often dropped, and some consonants have a soft pronunciation.
That the Chilean population was largely formed in a small section at the center of the country and then migrated in modest numbers to the north and south helps explain this relative lack of differentiation, which was maintained by the national reach of radio, and now television, which also helps to diffuse and homogenize colloquial expressions.
After the Spanish invasion, Spanish took over as the lingua franca and the indigenous languages have become minority languages, with some now extinct or close to extinction.
German is still spoken to some extent in southern Chile,  either in small country side pockets or as a second language among the communities of larger cities.
Through initiatives such as the English Opens Doors Program , the government made English mandatory for students in fifth-grade and above in public schools.
Most private schools in Chile start teaching English from kindergarten. In Chile, education begins with preschool until the age of 5.
Primary school is provided for children between ages 6 and Students then attend secondary school until graduation at age Secondary education is divided into two parts: During the first two years, students receive a general education.
Then, they choose a branch: scientific humanistic education, artistic education, or technical and professional education. Chilean education is segregated by wealth in a three-tiered system — the quality of the schools reflect socioeconomic backgrounds:.
Upon successful graduation of secondary school, students may continue into higher education. The higher education schools in Chile consist of Chilean Traditional Universities and are divided into public universities or private universities.
There are medical schools and both the Universidad de Chile and Universidad Diego Portales offer law schools in a partnership with Yale University.
The Ministry of Health Minsal is the cabinet-level administrative office in charge of planning, directing, coordinating, executing, controlling and informing the public health policies formulated by the President of Chile.
The National Health Fund Fonasa , created in , is the financial entity entrusted to collect, manage and distribute state funds for health in Chile.
It is funded by the public. All employees pay 7 percent of their monthly income to the fund. Its headquarters are in Santiago and decentralized public service is conducted by various Regional Offices.
More than 12 million beneficiaries benefit from Fonasa. Beneficiaries can also opt for more costly private insurance through Isapre.
Hospitals in Chile are mainly located in the Santiago Metropolitan Region. The Central Bank of Chile in Santiago serves as the central bank for the country.
Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations,  leading Latin American nations in human development , competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption.
Chile has the highest degree of economic freedom in South America ranking 7th worldwide , owing to its independent and efficient judicial system and prudent public finance management.
Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the s, have contributed to steady economic growth in Chile and have more than halved poverty rates.
The economy remained sluggish until , when it began to show clear signs of recovery, achieving 4. Real GDP growth reached 5.
GDP expanded by 5 percent in Nonetheless, economic analysts disagreed with government estimates and predicted economic growth at a median of 1. Growth slowed to 4.
The unemployment rate was 6. The privatized national pension system AFP has encouraged domestic investment and contributed to an estimated total domestic savings rate of approximately 21 percent of GDP.
Chile has signed free trade agreements FTAs with a whole network of countries, including an FTA with the United States that was signed in and implemented in January Chile's approach to foreign direct investment is codified in the country's Foreign Investment Law.
Registration is reported to be simple and transparent, and foreign investors are guaranteed access to the official foreign exchange market to repatriate their profits and capital.
Chile is rich in mineral resources, especially copper and lithium. It is thought that due to the importance of lithium for batteries for electric vehicles and stabilization of electric grids with large proportions of intermittent renewables in the electricity mix, Chile could be strengthened geopolitically.
However, this perspective has also been criticised for underestimating the power of economic incentives for expanded production in other parts of the world.
Agriculture in Chile encompasses a wide range of different activities due to its particular geography , climate and geology and human factors.
Historically agriculture is one of the bases of Chile's economy. Now agriculture and allied sectors like forestry , logging and fishing account for only 4.
Some major agriculture products of Chile include grapes , apples , pears , onions , wheat , maize , oats , peaches , garlic , asparagus , beans , beef , poultry , wool , fish , timber and hemp.
Due to its geographical isolation and strict customs policies Chile is free from diseases such as mad cow disease , fruit fly and Phylloxera.
This, its location in the Southern Hemisphere , which has quite different harvesting times from the Northern Hemisphere , and its wide range of agriculture conditions are considered Chile's main comparative advantages.
However, Chile's mountainous landscape limits the extent and intensity of agriculture so that arable land corresponds only to 2.
Chile currently utilizes 14, Hectares of agricultural land. Tourism in Chile has experienced sustained growth over the last few decades.
In , tourism grew by According to the National Service of Tourism Sernatur , 2 million people a year visit the country.
Most of these visitors come from other countries in the American continent, mainly Argentina ; followed by a growing number from the United States, Europe, and Brazil with a growing number of Asians from South Korea and China.
The main attractions for tourists are places of natural beauty situated in the extreme zones of the country: San Pedro de Atacama , in the north, is very popular with foreign tourists who arrive to admire the Incaic architecture, the altiplano lakes, and the Valley of the Moon.
For locals, tourism is concentrated mostly in the summer December to March , and mainly in the coastal beach towns.
In November the government launched a campaign under the brand "Chile: All Ways Surprising" intended to promote the country internationally for both business and tourism.
Chile is home to the world renowned Patagonian Trail that resides on the border between Argentina and Chile.
Chile recently launched a massive scenic route for tourism in hopes of encouraging development based on conservation. Due to Chile's topography a functioning transport network is vital to its economy.
Buses are now the main means of long-distance transportation in Chile, following the decline of its railway network.
Chile has a total of runways 62 paved and unpaved. Chile has a telecommunication system which covers much of the country, including Chilean insular and Antarctic bases.
Privatization of the telephone system began in ; Chile has one of the most advanced telecommunications infrastructure in South America with a modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities and domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations.
From the period between early agricultural settlements and up to the late pre-Hispanic period, northern Chile was a region of Andean culture that was influenced by altiplano traditions spreading to the coastal valleys of the north, while southern regions were areas of Mapuche cultural activities.
Throughout the colonial period following the conquest, and during the early Republican period, the country's culture was dominated by the Spanish.
Other European influences, primarily English, French, and German began in the 19th century and have continued to this day.
Music in Chile ranges from folkloric, popular and classical music. Its large geography generates different musical styles in the north, center and south of the country, including also Easter Island and Mapuche music.
Another form of traditional Chilean song, though not a dance, is the tonada. Arising from music imported by the Spanish colonists, it is distinguished from the cueca by an intermediate melodic section and a more prominent melody.
Other important folk singer and researcher on folklore and Chilean ethnography , is Margot Loyola. Chile is a country of poets. Chile's most famous poet is Pablo Neruda , who received the Nobel Prize for Literature and is world-renowned for his extensive library of works on romance, nature, and politics.
Isabel Allende is the best-selling Chilean novelist, with 51 millions of her novels sold worldwide. Chilean cuisine is a reflection of the country's topographical variety, featuring an assortment of seafood, beef, fruits, and vegetables.
Traditional recipes include asado , cazuela , empanadas , humitas , pastel de choclo , pastel de papas, curanto and sopaipillas.
The raw minced llama , heavy use of shellfish and rice bread were taken from native Quechua Andean cuisine, although now beef brought to Chile by Europeans is also used in place of the llama meat , lemon and onions were brought by the Spanish colonists, and the use of mayonnaise and yogurt was introduced by German immigrants, as was beer.
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